What is call for fire in army? This question is one of the topics that many people wonder. Fire discipline is a communication system within the army. It is primarily used to manage artillery. To mention this word as a definition, it is the language of fire control. It has certain meanings in itself. It consists of words, idioms, rules and some traditions that lead to a certain action with weapons. All ranks associated with fire control should be familiar with the language and the resulting situations.
The target of fire discipline allows appropriate actions to take place at FPC, FSCC, FDC in response to fire calls from an advanced observer.
If you mean what call for fire means, it can be stated in general terms like this. It has 6 elements in itself. The basic items are as follows:
- Observer identification
- warning order
- target location
- target description
- Method of engagement
- Method of fire and control
What are the 6 elements of call for fire can be answered this way.
Call for Fire
Within the United States military, artillery is often engaged when the forward observer sends a three-part call for fire. There are different types of tasks used.
Generally speaking, call for fire initiates a warning telling the observer ID and the type of task to be performed. When this is given, the next radio broadcast is of a nature that reflects what was sent.
The forward observer then sends a six-digit military grid reference system coordinate with the 100,000-meter grid square identifier. the forward observer always receives a response that reflects what was originally sent.
The final element is the target definition, optionally the method of engagement, the method of fire and control. On the other hand, the expression in the open expresses the degree of protection of the target.
If the forward observer does not specify the method of engagement and method of fire and control, the Inspection Headquarters selects the ammunition type and fuser for the target located in trenches or dug, in dense vegetation or in a bunker.
Danger Close Meaning
If you say what call for fire is, this is how it is in general. In addition, it is necessary to know what danger close means. If the front observer or friendly unit is within 600 meters of the impact point, it declares it as danger close to keep it safe. These are generally as follows:
- 600 meters, usually
- 750 yards, naval guns 5 inches and below
- 1000 meters, over 5 naval guns
- 2000 meters, navy 16″ ICM
- 2000 meters, MLRS M26 rockets
The next step is to send a message to the fire direction centre, ie the FDC, to an MTO or observer explaining which ammunition to use, which weapon fires the detection rounds, and whose main task is which weapons to fire. Identifiers are the last letter of the call sign for that weapon and battery.
After that is done, the FDC will send individual guns, in order to do the mission. Once the weapons loaded and directing is completed, the mission is fired.
After all this is completed, the forward observer again gives a response. The answer given by him indicates that the gun was fired. Corrections in transmission can be made at any time up to that point. However, after the call for fire is made and completed, the shells are now fired and on the way. Therefore, withdrawal or any correction is impossible.
After firing, the FDC sends a warning that the bullets are 5 seconds after impact. After that, the forward observer can observe the effect of the bullets so that the adjustment can be made.
In some cases, the initial target location may be closed. For this reason, it is called “set the fire”. The forward observer can adjust where the effect will be when a fully charged battery is fired at the target.
The first step for adjustment is sending the direction of the FO to the target in “miles” and the correction in “meters”. To increase the range, FO ADD is sent, and to decrease FO, it is preferred over Drop.
While making call for fire, it can be said how the observer wants to attack the target. The type of element adjustment in question is done in separate ways, such as trajectory, ammunition, and distribution. Danger Close and Mark are also appropriately included.
There are two types of adjustment as sensitivity and area. If precise setting is not specified, field fire is preferred. From these settings, “precision shot” is made on a point target. It is performed with a single weapon and is preferred for obtaining registration fixes or destroying a target.
“Field fire”, on the other hand, is preferred for attacking the area target. Since many field targets are mobile, it must be fast and with accurate consistency. A well-defined point should be chosen at or near the center of the area to be attacked.
This should be used as the aiming point. The point in question is referred to as the set point during shot setting. In addition, the fire can be adjusted at an auxiliary adjustment point for surprise. After the adjustment is performed, fire is shifted to the target for effect.
In addition to these, there are also marks. This is included in the aiming method to indicate that the observer will look for bullets for reasons such as:
Orientation to own observation area. To indicate targets for ground troops, aircraft or fire support.
Considering the trajectory from the issues we mentioned above, low-angle fire is a standard for field artillery.
If a high angle call for fire is requested, it is requested after the engagement type. If the high angle is not specified, the low angle is used as we normally stated. If the shooting unit decides that a high angle should be used to attack a target, the unit should tell the observer that it will be used. In addition, howitzers fire only at high angles.