The state of Libya with its official name is a country located on the Mediterranean coast. It borders with Egypt in the east, Algeria and Tunisia in the west, Niger and Chad in the south, and Sudan in the southeast. It is a Maghreb and North African country. It consists of three historical regions, these are Fezzan, Tripoli, and Cyrenaica.
The country is spread over 1.8 million kilometers in total. In this respect, it is the fourth largest country in Africa and the 16th largest country in the world. Tripoli is countries capital, plus the largest city.
The first inhabitants of Libya were the Ibero-Mauritanian and Kapsion cultures and their successors, the Berbers. In addition, the Phoenicians also established trade colonies in the country. In the east, Greek colonists also formed city-states.
In addition, different governments such as Carthage, Persia, Egypt, and Greek were seen before the Roman domination began in the region. It remained under the control of the Vandals until the Muslim conquest in the Seventh Century BC. In this respect, the history of Libya is quite old and hosted different cultures in this process.
When Was Libya Founded?
Tripoli was occupied by the Spanish Empire and the Hospitaller Knights in the 16th century. They were in their hands until the Ottoman conquest in 1551. After the Ottoman rule, Libya was included in the Barbary Wars in the 18th and 19th centuries. However, after the Tripoli War, the country came under the rule of Italy. Italy divided the country into colonies as Cyrenaica and Tripoli, this continued until 1934. Between 1934 and 1947, it was known as Italian Libya. It was also the scene of wars during the Second World War.
However, the Italian population in Libya decreased gradually, and the Kingdom of Libya gained its independence in 1951.
What is the Etymology of the Word Libya?
Although it is not known, the word “Libya” is quite old. Because the Ancient Egyptians used the word Lebu for the Berbers living in the west of the Nile River. The name of the country, Libya, also comes from here.
Demographics of Libya
So how is the population structure of Libya? According to 2018 data, the population of the country is approximately 6,871,287.
Although the area of the country is very large, almost all the population lives in coastal areas. For example, while the number of people per square kilometer in Tripoli and Cyrenaica is 50, in the rest of the country it is less than 1 person per square kilometer.
How is Libyan Cuisine?
Libyan cuisine is very rich. In particular, the influence of Italian cuisine can be seen intensely. Southern Libyan cuisine, however, is more traditionally Arab and Berber.
It is frequently seen fruits such as apricots and oranges are used in meals. Apart from that, spices are also an important element in Libyan dishes. If you wonder about them some of the must know Libyan dishes are as follows:
- Sea products
- Libyan Salad
- Kifta Lil Atfaal
Plus, there are other dishes in Libyan cuisine as well. You can see all these below.
Bazeen, one of the most specific African dishes, has an important place in Libyan cuisine. Bazeen, which is mostly made with barley flour, is very popular in Libya. Starchy foods such as potatoes are also included in the meal.
It is also possible to try delicious fish and other seafood in Libya, especially in the Tripoli region. Seafood in Libya is mostly
Libyan salad, which is simple but goes very well with meals, prepared with tomatoes, cucumbers, and various spices, is one of the very tasty complementary elements that can be eaten with meals.
This classic Libyan-style rice made with rice is served with vegetables or various meats. This hearty dish is flavored with a variety of spices and, with its rich appearance, is considered a menu.
Rishda is another of the flavors you should try in Libyan cuisine. Basically, it is a kind of pasta dish. Apart from pasta, ingredients such as chickpeas, tomatoes and onions are also added to the dish. Rishda resembles the noodle soup made in the country.
Tea has a special importance in Libyan food culture. In addition to the teas we know in the country, green tea and red tea are also consumed in abundance. Mint tea is also among the important flavors that can be preferred for those looking for a refreshing and relaxing drink. If you want to drink something with caffeine, there are different places where you can drink coffee.
As in other African countries, couscous is one of the most well known and traditional recipes in Libyan dishes. This rice style food made with semolina is served either with vegetables or with delicious lamb.
Kifta Lil Atfaal
Kifta Lil Atfaal is one of the foods you should try in Libyan cuisine. This taste with the smell of cinnamon is a kind of casserole. The dish includes ground lamb, onions and of course cinnamon. The meal is mostly consumed with rice. However, the dish can also combine nicely with Libyan salad.
Africa’s famous stew tajine is among the local dishes of Libya that should be tried in Libya. Cooked in a very special funnel shaped earthenware casserole with the same name, the dish promises to give you very enjoyable moments.
Pasta is prepared in different ways in Libya. For this reason, this is one of the flavors found in Libyan cuisine.
Sambousek is another flavor that should not be forgotten in Libyan cuisine. They are basically pastries prepared in the shape of a moon. In this respect, it is a pastry dish.
Libyan cuisine is also rich in sweets too. Magrood is just one of the flavors can be tried. Combined with honey and syrup, this taste goes especially well with tea.